Nothing but the rocket
Vladimir Lositsky, historian of national aviation and cosmonautics, director of the Cosmonaut Serebrov Foundation
In August 1945, after returning to Moscow, Korolev met with Mikhail Tikhonravov, an engineer that Korolev had worked with in GIRD and considered his mentor. Tikhonravov talked about the idea of a large rocket capable of lifting two pilots into the stratosphere.
At an altitude of 200 km the pressurized cabin was to separate from the rocket and parachute down. When approaching the ground, a special extendable probe on coming in contact with a hard surface would switch on a braking engine. Tikhonravov thought over all the details, most of which seemed completely unfeasible at the time.
* As narrated by writer Yaroslav Golovanov who might have heard about this episode from Tikhonravov himself
Based on recollections of Esther Rachevskaya, engineer of Tupolev Design Bureau, and Alexander Skoptsov, employee of Korolev Design Bureau
Along with Korolev, many leading aircraft engineers and several chief designers worked in the Tupolev’s sharashka, an in-prison design facility headed by Tupolev. Prior to or immediately after the war began, some of them were released — Vladimir Petlyakov and Vladimir Myasishchev in July 1940, and Andrey Tupolev in July 1941.
On May 12, 1945, three days after the Victory Day, in one of test flights, the rocket engine blew up and heavily damaged the Pe-2 tailplane. Korolev refused to follow the pilot’s order to bail out and stayed on. The plane managed to land, but Korolev was badly hurt — his face and eyes were burned — and the danger of losing his sight seemed quite real.
The impossibility of keeping the missile in a ready state as it had to be stored unfueled, overlong pre-launch preparations, limited precision — the R-1 was not exactly a super weapon.
К сожалению, ваш браузер устарел и не поддерживает некоторые технологии, необходимые для просмотра сайта
Чтобы посетить сайт, используйте Google Chrome или любой другой современный браузер.